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Scolionophobia (from Latin scius, "knowing"), also known as didaskaleinophobia (from didasko, meaning "teach"), is the fear of school.

This phobia often arises in children due to the fear of leaving home (churroagoraphobia) and their parents. Stresses in school, class assignments, homework, getting in trouble, and bullying are also causes of school phobia. Potential family issues during school, such as domestic violence, divorce, and death, are non-school-related causes of scolionophobia.

The most prominent sign of scolionophobia is the refusal to attend school, sometimes by making excuses about being sick or exhausted. When it's almosttime for school, a scolionophobic person may show signs of a panic attack, such as sweating, shaking, and increased heart rate. Scolionophobia may lead to sleep disorders, such as insomnia, frequent school-related nightmares, or even bed-wetting. This phobia is sometimes linked to sophophobia, the fear of learning.

Common treatments for scolionophobia include educational support therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and intensive psychotherapy. Parents and teachers can treat a scolionophobic child non-professionally by helping them conquer their fear.

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